cucumber testing

Meaning of Cucumber Testing

Software testing that addresses an application’s behaviour is called cucumber testing. Applications are tested using the behaviour-driven development (BDD) methodology. Cucumber tests are written in an easy-to-understand natural language, so even non-technical persons may understand them.

Advantages of Cucumber Testing
  • As Cucumber is an open source program, no licence is needed.
  • IDEs such as Eclipse enable the easy configuration of Cucumber.
  • Cucumber fills in the gaps in knowledge and communication between product owners, business analysts, testers, developers, and customers.
  • Cucumber makes it possible for business stakeholders without technical expertise to participate.
  • Cucumber offers a plain language form that makes it simple for team members who are not technical to understand.
  • Cucumber is scalable and requires little maintenance.
  • Important steps are more useful when they contain cucumbers.
  • Teamwork is promoted by cucumbers because any member of the team can contribute.
  • Cucumber takes advantage of the straightforward and user-friendly Gherkin tool.
  • A behaviour-driven tool, Cucumber is usable with several programming languages, including Java, Groovy, and others.
  • Cucumber can only be used to test web-based apps and support behaviour-driven development.
Which language is used in cucumber?

The popular programming language Java is used in Cucumber to write automation code and step descriptions. It has strong compatibility with object-oriented programming and works well with Selenium WebDriver to automate web tasks.


Ruby was used to construct Cucumber at first, and it is still a popular language for developing Cucumber tests. It provides flexible typing, simple syntax, and a robust ecosystem of frameworks and libraries.


JavaScript has been more popular for building server-side and automation programs since the release of Node.js. Cucumber allows step definitions to be written in JavaScript by utilising libraries such as Cucumber.js.


Python is a popular programming language that is easy to learn and understand. Python is accepted by Cucumber for step definition writing, allowing users to take advantage of both third-party packages and the large standard library of Python.


Groovy is an evolving language usable with current Java code and libraries because it runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Groovy is supported by Cucumber when writing automation code and step definitions.


For writing step definitions and automation code, Cucumber supports C#, especially when used with.NET applications. LINQ (Language Integrated Query), robust typing, and smooth Visual Studio integration are some of the advantages of C#.

How Does Software Testing Works in Cucumber Framework

First, the feature file’s step is read by the Cucumber tool in either plain English or Gherkin format.

It is currently searching for each step’s exact match in the step definition file. Once a match is found, the test case is run, and a pass or fail result is given.

Software Tools Supported by Cucumber

The code that has to be run for testing could come from any number of software technologies, including Ruby on Rails and Selenium. Cucumber is more popular than other frameworks like JDave, Easyb, JBehave, etc. since it supports practically all widely used software platforms.

  • Ruby on Rails
  • Selenium
  • Spring Framework
  • Watir

In conclusion, mastering Cucumber as a software testing tool can greatly enhance your testing skills and efficiency. By following this tutorial and gaining hands-on experience, you are equipping yourself with valuable knowledge that can propel your career in Software Testing Cucumber to new heights. We hope this tutorial has been beneficial in deepening your understanding of Cucumber and its role in the testing process. Keep practising and exploring new possibilities with Cucumber to continue honing your skills as a software tester.

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